YEAR

CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE LITIGATION

AUTHOR SOURCE SELECTION ABSTRACT
2009 Evaluating forensic interviewing of children in sexual abuse cases-guidelines for the forensic psychiatrist Lauren Brackenbury psychiatry journal 5082 In cases of alleged sexual abuse of children, one of the goals of a forensic evaluation is to elicit the most accurate and complete account of the alleged event for the court. One complication in child interviewing situations is the issue of suggestibility, which has been defined as the act or process of impressing something (an idea, attitude or desired action) on the mind of another (1). A suggestive technique is a mode of questioning that is leading and can therefore encourage children to make false allegations. The use of suggestive techniques can severely impair the veracity of a subject s narrative. This issue is especially pertinent when interviewing young children, who are more vulnerable to suggestive techniques their answers can be easily affected by the manner in which they are questioned. The younger the child, the more susceptible he or she is to suggestion, with preschoolers being the most vulnerable of all (2, 3). The best method of encouraging accurate testimony is to strenuously avoid the use of suggestive techniques. The goal of this article is to assist the forensic psychiatrist in evaluating a child s forensic interview for the court. In order to fulfill this goal, a review of the proper techniques of forensic interviewing will be discussed in the context of a sexual abuse case. Please note that the following interview techniques may need to be modified based on the age of the child.
2009 Complicated and high conflict child custody evaluations-case study of sexual abuse allegations in a custody disputee Kathleen O'Brien, PhD psychology CD 10589 This presentation will explore a ten-year custody dispute involving ongoing allegations of child sexual abuse and efforts to limit parent contact. This case required careful exploration of the allegations, while respecting the boundaries between law enforcement roles and the role of child custody evaluator. The presentation will address the ethical and professional pitfalls inherent in the case, especially given all four children s denial of sexual abuse. Attendees should be able to 1) describe the ethical considerations that are inherent in child custody evaluations which include allegations of sexual abuse, including appropriate assessment considerations, especially appropriate use of psychological testing; 2) delineate the role differences between law enforcement and custody evaluators in determining the presence or absence of child sexual abuse.

2008 Child molestation-determination genuine versus bogus allegations of child sexual abuse Howard B Terrell MD psychiatry CD 10742 Child molestation is a very serious crime. It has lifelong effects on the child victim. Allegations of child molest can also have lifelong effects on the person accused of it regardless of whether they are guilty or innocent of the crime. In this information age, children, parents, school officials, health care professionals and law enforcement officials are more aware of the crime and now more inclined to promptly address it when such allegations are made. By the same token, many people are aware that even the accusation of child molestation (truthful or untruthful) can immediately halt a child custody dispute and turn it to the favor of the accusing parent. It can also destroy the life, reputation and career of the accused regardless of whether they have done anything wrong or not. This presentation will help to delineate the signs, symptoms and findings to look for in genuine versus bogus allegations of child molestation.
2008 Childhood sexual abuse indicators (SAI) for differentiating genuine from false allegations Howard Terrell MD psychiatry journal 8019 Child molestation is a pervasive crime. It typically has lifelong detrimental effects upon the child victim. Allegations of child molestation can also have lifelong effects upon the accused, regardless of whether of not they commited the crime. In this information age, children, parents, school officials, health care professionals and law enforcement officials are more aware of the crime and more inclined to promptly address it when such allegations are made. By the same token many people are aware that even the mere accusation of child molestation can immediately halt a child custody dispute, turn it to the advantage of the accusing parent and in the process potentially destroy the life, reputation and career of the accused, regardless of any culpability. This article outlines the Sexual Abuse Indicators that arose from a multidisciplinary panel study of mental health professionals, legal experts and other professionals who combined have had over two centuries of experience in dealing with sexual offenders and their child victims. The SAI is offered as a new instrument intended to aid the forensic evaluator and other related professionals in delineating the most essential signs, symptoms and findings for assessing genuine versus false allegations of child molestations.
2008 Effects of gender on decisions of guilt in cases of alleged child sexual abuse Matthew Fanetti PhD
D Wane Mitchell PhD
psychology journal 7004 no abstract
2008 Child molestation determining genuine versus bogus allegations of child sexual abuse Howard B. Terrell, M.D. psychiatry CD 10629 Child molestation is a very serious crime. It has lifelong effects on the child victim. Allegations of child molest can also have lifelong effects on the person accused of it regardless of whether they are guilty or innocent of the crime. In this information age, children, parents, school officials, health care professionals and law enforcement officials are more aware of the crime and now more inclined to promptly address it when such allegations are made. By the same token, many people are aware that even the accusation of child molestation (truthful or untruthful) can immediately halt a child custody dispute and turn it to the favor of the accusing parent. It can also destroy the life, reputation and career of the accused regardless of whether they have done anything wrong or not. This presentation will help to delineate the signs, symptoms and findings to look for in genuine versus bogus allegations of child molestation.--Howard B. Terrell, M.D. is Assistant Clinical Professor at UC San Francisco School of Medicine, Fresno Medical Education Program.
2008 Psychosexual outcomes for men who were sexually abused in institutions as children and adolescents
Robert G. Ley, Ph.D. psychology CD 10646 In earlier eras, it was not uncommon for some children, particularly boys, to be placed in various institutions if they had significant conduct problems, serious intellectual impairment or learning disabilities, or specific medical conditions. Some special educational and religious initiatives resulted in the wholesale institutionalization of specific ethnic groups. Tragically, oftentimes there was much sexual abuse of institutionalized children by adult staff members. In recent years there has been a proliferation of lawsuits involving such "historical abuse cases," whereby an adult alleges childhood sexual abuse and seeks compensation for psychosocial damages linked to the claimed abuse. Attendees will learn how to conduct a comprehensive assessment in historical abuse cases, such that the link between childhood abuse and adult psychosocial adjustment can be ascertained.--Dr. Robert Ley is a clinical and forensic psychologist in private practice in Vancouver, BC, as well as a professor in the clinical psychology program at Simon Fraser University.
2008 Identifying sexual predators who abuse children Leigh M. Baker, Psy.D. psychology CD 10671 This presentation will help attendees in identifying sexual predators who abuse children by their personalities, behavioral patterns, and their relationships with children. There are four basic personality characteristics of predators--antisocial, pedophile, inadequate, and narcissistic. The four basic steps used to groom children before the actual abuse and how each of the above personality types will groom in distinct yet similar ways will be described. Attendees will learn how predators identify their victims and what characteristics make a child more vulnerable to sexual abuse. Attendees will learn the basic models of intervention for child molesters and what needs to happen before or if a former molester is ever safe around children.--Dr. Leigh M. Baker has been practicing for 22 years and is the Director of the Trauma Treatment Center of Colorado. She is the author of two books on sexual abuse and has provided training for police and fire departments, social service agencies, and graduate schools.
2008 The effects of gender on decisions of guilt in cases of alleged child sexual abuse Matthew Fanetti PhD psychology journal 10791 This study investigated the potential effects that participant gender, alleged perpetrator gender and child gender have on the decision making process in potential cases of child sexual abuse. Two hundred and twenty-four (224) college students rated a series of vignettes of alleged child sexual abuse on the degree to which they believed the perpetrator was innocent or guilty using a visual analog scale. Vignettes involving a teacher, an adult neighbor and an ex-spouse (a parent) were varied to reflect the possible gender combinations of child and perpetrator. Results indicated that females rated all cases as more suspicious than did males and both male and female raters were more suspicious of alleged male perpetrators than they were of alleged female perpetrators. Furthermore, results indicate that ratings were affected by the combinations of perpetrator and victim gender, as well as by the specific type of vignette being rated. Results also point to the possibility that raters used information related to sexual orientation when making judgments of potential guilt.
2006 Criminal profiling in child sexual assault cases Michael Abramsky PhD
Karol Ross MA JD
psychology journal 6218 Criminal profiling is an investigative technique developed by the FBI to narrow and focus a search for an unknown suspect. This technique may also be utilized to identify whether a defendant in a criminal child sexual assault crime is more or less likely to have committed this offense. The introduction of such profiling data is necessary in cases where there is no objective collaboration and the only evidence is the accusation of an alleged victim. Challenges to the introduction of such data, based on Daubert/Kumho criteria and ultimate question testimony are discussed. The current status of profiling data on child sexual offenders is described.
2006 Assessing the validity of child sexual abuse allegations Kristine Jacquin PhD Psychology tape 10234 no abstract
2006 Assessing the validity of child sexual abuse allegations Kristine Jacquin PhD Psychology CD 10709 Each year, hundreds of thousands of sexual abuse allegations are made by children. Of those, between 5 and 35% are later proven to be false. Child sexual abuse is a serious problem, so it is essential to separate true occurrences from false allegations. In cases in which physical evidence or an adult eyewitness is not available, psychologists may be called upon to evaluate the veracity of the child s abuse allegations. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the challenges faced by psychologists in this role, and to provide an overview of relevant research to guide psychologists who are involved in such cases. Kristine M. Jacquin, Ph.D. is an assistant professor of clinical psychology at Mississippi State University. She is a licensed clinical psychologist with a part-time private practice specializing in forensic and neuropsychological evaluations.
2004 A "Worst Case-two young children report sexual abuse Thomas Caffrey PhD psychology journal 10756 no abstract
2003 Utilizing profiling techniques with child sexual abuse allegations Michael Abramsky PhD Psychology tape 3040
no abstract
2002 Psychiatric treatment of sexually abused children and adolescents Jamshid Marvasti MD psychiatry tapes 2042 Children who have been abused may develop psychiatric symptoms such as PTSD, depression, anxiety, and sexually reactive behaviors. The impact of incest and sexual abuse as a psychic trauma will be explored and psychiatric treatment of aftermath discussed.
2002 Sexual aggression against children-therapies for victims and offenders Jamshid Marvasti MD psychiatry journal 187 A plethora of articles have been written about sexual abuse and incest, yet this problem remains shrouded in secrecy and misconceptions. The consequences of sexual abuse and incest provide many challenges to mental health professionals in both diagnosis and treatment. This article focuses on treatment with an emphasis on pharmacology.
2000 Sexual abuse evaluations of children-practitioners guide Leslie D Star PhD psychology tape 1007 This basic level presentation is intended to clarify the state of the art in psychological evaluations of allegations of child sexual abuse. This presentation will be especially useful for individuals beginning work on sexual abuse evaluations or for attorneys who have the need to review evaluations received for court cases.
2000 Sexual abuse evaluations of children-practitioners guide Leslie D Star PhD psychology tape 10807 This basic level presentation is intended to clarify the state of the art in psychological evaluations of allegations of child sexual abuse. This presentation will be especially useful for individuals beginning work on sexual abuse evaluations or for attorneys who have the need to review evaluations received for court cases.
1999 Impact of Daubert on psychiatric and expert testimony relating to child sexual abuse Sheila Taub JD psychiatry tapes 9087 This presentation discusses the meaning of the Daubert decision and subsequent important judicial decisions, particularly as they relate to the kinds of clinical and scientific evidence that may be presented in litigation involving issues of child sexual abuse and "recovered memories" of child sexual abuse.
1999 Forms of play in sexually abused children Paulina F. Kernberg, MD
psychiatry tapes 1152 Presuming that play activity constitutes a form of communication among children, an endeavor was made to study the characteristics of play in sexually abused children ages 3 to 11. The categories used in describing the proposed features are based on the Play Therapy Instrument (Cherbourg et al., 1998). These include play narratives, category themes, affects, cognitive aspects, as well as developmental interpersonal relatedness and coping mechanisms. This presentation will help psychiatrists to recognize characteristics of play in general and to alert them to the signs of sexual abuse in the spontaneous play activity of the child.

1998 Sexual behavior in children- why some and not others? Jerid M Fisher PhD psychology tape 1089 While sexual abuse was the best prediction of sexual behaviors, its reported frequency was related to other variables. These included family sexuality, family violence, life events, exposure to peer sexuality, and parental attitudes about child sexuality. In addition, some interesting age and gender patterns emerged which have led to the development of subscales labeled developmentally related sexual behavior and sexual abuse specific behaviors. The participant will learn about the range and diversity of sexual behavior in children and how sexual behavior is related to a range of family and abuse variables, each apparently modifying the manifestations of sexual behavior.

1997 Abusing the abused protracted treatment for victims of child sexual abuse John Podboy PhD
Albert J Kastl PhD
psychology tape 1290 Under the Victims of Crime Act, individuals who have been sexually abused are entitled to receive psychotherapy up to a total of $10,000. This well intentioned legislation has resulted in a "cottage industry" of mental health professionals whose work consists largely in treatment of such individuals. The long-term treatment of abused individuals may, therefore, not be shaped so much by need on the part of the patients but need for patients on the part of the therapist. It is only through individual study that the needs for therapy can be clearly delineated and a rational decision made concerning the need for ongoing therapy. Participants will learn what sources of data are useful in evaluating cases of this type, what psychological tests may be helpful, what role parents may play in continuing children s symptomatology.


1997 Ethical and forensic issues sexual orientation and child custody James E Stark PhD psychology tape 10125 This presentation will include a review of research relative to sexual orientation, parenting issues, and legal determinations. Legal arguments for and against lesbian and gay custody of minor children will be explored as well as ethical issues from a psychological and legal perspective. Special attention will be focused on myths concerning lesbians and gays. Participants will also learn to appreciate the legal struggles of lesbian and gay parents concerning custody of their children.
1997 Nuts and bolts of interviewing in child sexual abuse evaluations William O. Hambacher, Ph.D. psychology tape 1247 The child sexual abuse interview lies at the center of the child sexual abuse evaluation and in large part determines the validity of the child sexual abuse evaluation. The process of conducting valid child sexual abuse interviews is examined in detail beginning with the establishment of rapport and proceeding to the termination of the interview. Participants will develop sufficient expertise to be able to conduct valid child sexual abuse interviews, and be cognizant of potential errors in conducting child sexual abuse interviews.
1997 Child sexual abuse-expert testimony--substantive and rehabilitative evidence Marcia Slattery MD psychiatry tapes 1284 The existence and impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) has been well documented and recognized. Efforts, however, to identify, intervene, and adjudicate CSA cases have resulted in heightened debate and scrutiny within clinical and legal arenas. The potential importance and impact of the expert witness in the judicial process cannot be underscored, with experts often being called upon to address developmental and psychological evidence, frequently in the absence of medical findings. The role of the expert witness in CSA cases will be discussed, including the distinction between substantive and rehabilitative evidential testimony.
1997 Indicators of child sexual abuse and their unreliability Terence Campbell PhD psychology journal 5442 This article reviews the interrater agreement problems undermining the reliability of "indicator lists" purporting to identify sexually abused children. Typically, the definitional characteristics of these indicators are too vague and ill-defined and, as a result, they invite a wide range of subjective opinion. Questions for cross-examining expert witnesses who rely on these indicators are presented. This cross-examination procedure is also applied to Gardner s Sexual Abuse Legitimacy (SAL) scale, demonstrating that it cannot support expert testimony in a legal proceeding.
1996 Sexual orientation issues in child custody and visitation disputes James E Stark PhD psychology tape 1472 This presentation will include a review of research relative to sexual orientation and parenting issues. Relevant research comparing gay, lesbian, bisexual and heterosexual parenting of children will be presented. In view of the intense confusion in society (including that of judges, juries and attorneys), special attention will be paid to research, clinical and experiential data concerning myths of recruitment of children into a "gay and lesbian lifestyle," development of homosexuality (for instance, choice versus non choice issues), concern about the sexual abuse of children by heterosexuals and homosexuals and concern about advocacy for "special rights."
1995 Assessment of child sexual abuse- clinical and legal interfaces Marcia Slattery MD psychiatry tapes 1325 no abstract
1995 Legal treatment of recovered memories of child sexual abuse case law Sheila Taub JD psychiatry tapes 10008 no abstract
1995 Children s memory and suggestibility- evaluation of alleged sexual molestation David J Mann PhD psychology tape 1356 no abstract
1995 Child sexual abuse evaluations- meeting the challenge and avoiding the pitfalls William O. Hambacher, Ph.D. psychology tape 1459 no abstract
1995 Child sexual abusers: critical review of the literature Ralph Underwager PhD
Hollida Wakefield MA
psychology tape 10198 no abstract
1994 Childhood sexual abuse- recognition, assessment and court testimony Marcia Slattery MD psychiatry tapes 1878 Childhood sexual abuse represents grave boundary violations, with often devastating and enduring developmental sequelae. Professionals must be trained in the recognition of symptoms suggestive of abuse. With information gathered in a comprehensive valuation of a 4-year-old girl, a legal report was filed of alleged sexual abuse by the patient's biological father. Patient's 12-year-old sister had reported allegations of earlier childhood sexual and satanic abuse by the same man who had been living in the home at the time. The two girls had been geographically separated all of their lives, had not known of the other's history secondary to termination of the mother's parental rights of the older girl, prior to the birth of the above described 4-year-old. Though separate cases, a joint criminal trial ensued with four charges of first degree criminal sexual conduct levied by the State of Minnesota. Both presenters appeared as experts in the case.


1993 Sexual abuse in child custody cases Steven Klee, PhD psychology tape 10014 The issue of sexual abuse charges that arise during divorce and custody procedures is addressed. Drawing from case material, this issue will be examined from both a legal and psychological perspective. Topics discussed include reasons for such allegations, how to assess the truth and the nature of the lawyer psychologist interaction in such cases. The ethical dilemmas that confront professionals will also be examined. Participants will gain knowledge regarding the dynamics that contribute to sexual abuse allegations in custody disputes. They will also learn how to effectively collaborate with lawyers in such cases.


1992 False allegations of child sexual abuse- fallacious accusations in divorce battles Jamshid Marvasti MD psychiatry tapes 1900 The concept of false allegations or unfounded cases of sexual abuse of children is discussed. Special attention is given to fallacious accusations during divorce and custody battles between parents. The difficulty in confirming sexual molestation of young children, absent any objective physical signs of sexual contact, is explored. Current procedures in gathering information, interviewing the complainant, procedures for formulating a conclusion are discussed.
1992 Identification of perpetrators of child sexual abuse by nonleading techniques used with the alleged victim Gail T Applebaum PhD psychology journal 221 no abstract
1992 Legal regulation of child sexual abuse evaluation and testimony Gerald Cooke PhD psychology journal 8152 Statutory and case law pertaining to child sexual abuse evaluation and testimony are conceptualized in four categories: state statutes for reporting abuse, competency of child witnesses, limitations on procedures and expert testimony, and the right of a defendant to confront the accuser. Differences in state statutes for reporting abuse are described. The state and federal cases reviewed cover the period from 1980 to 1992. Areas of the law in which there is confusion and contradiction are discussed, but some clearly emerging trends are also described.
1991 More effective child interviewing procedures in sexual abuse allegations (2 tapes) Ralph Underwager PhD
Hollida Wakefield MA
psychology tape 10262 The goal of interviewing children, when there is an accusation of child sexual abuse, should be to allow the most accurate and reliable statements a child can make. This workshop proposes a model of facilitation rather than investigation, evaluation, or "disclosure interviews." Guidelines for adult behaviors that will more effectively facilitate maximum reliability statements by children, as well as supportive research data, are presented.
1991 Evaluating allegations of child sexual abuse in custody disputes Michael F. Elterman, PhD psychology tape 1922 The incidence of sexual abuse allegations in custody disputes has risen dramatically. The author has seen over 200 cases in his private practice referred by the courts and proposes a set of dimensions by which to differentiate probable and improbable cases.
1991 Female child sexual abusers: a critical review of the literature Hollida Wakefield MA
Ralph Underwager PhD
psychology journal 5306 no abstract
1989 Child sexual abuse allegations-defendant as victim-establishing reasonable doubt Dr. Herbert I. Levit
psychology tape 1494 In most legal cases, defendant is assumed to be innocent until proved guilty by jury. In child abuse cases society and the courts as well often behave, from the outset, as if the accused is guilty of abuse and, in many instances, the defendant is deprived of the defense to which he is by law entitled. The forensic psychologist can be critical in helping to establish a degree of doubt, if not absolute innocence, and help to guarantee constitutional rights. Case presentation.
1989 Guidelines for videotape interviews in child sexual abuse cases Nancy Slicner PhD
Steven Hanson MFS
psychology journal 5283 Videotape interviews of children, who are suspected of having been victims of sexual abuse or exploitation, is a relatively new, proliferating and controversial method of psychological interviewing. Following a review of several hundred videotaped interviews, authors present suggestions for conducting the videotape interview, review the most common errors made and offer recommendations for improving strategies and techniques for producing sound, factual and relevant documents able to withstand vigorous adversarial legal scrutiny and examination in the courtroom.
1989 Evaluating the child witness in sexual abuse cases- interview or inquisition Hollida Wakefield MA
Ralph Underwager PhD
psychology journal 5307 Interrogation can be a learning experience for the child. The procedures by which children are interviewed when sexual abuse is suspected show a common pattern. These interviews have a high potential for diminishing reliability of statements that children make. Techniques involving drawings, books, play therapy and anatomical dolls have not been validated for assessing sexual abuse and may well introduce error into the interviews. Children who are interviewed repeatedly learn more and more what the interrogator expects and learn what to say or do to obtain a positive feedback. The child may even come to believe that the abuse happened, even if the allegations were false. 76 references
1988 Assessing competency and report accuracy of the very young sexually abused child David Bird PhD psychology tape 1840 no abstract
1988 Survey of jurors' perceptions of issues related to child sexual abuse Billie Corder EdD
Reid Whiteside PhD
psychology journal 5020 Authors surveyed 101 jurors on major adjudicative issues in child sex abuse cases. Questions included ages at which children were perceived as credible witnesses; types of evidence viewed as necessary for conviction; jurors' perceptions of accuracy which mental health professionals can assess credibility of child witnesses and presence of sexual abuse.
1985 Cross-validation techniques for children 5 and under who report sexual abuse David Bird PhD psychology tape 10089 Specific clinical assessment and psychometric techniques to help validate or negate the allegation of physical or sexual abuse. Assessment procedures, verification of credibility through measurement replication and multi-visits.
1985 Assessment of credibility of sexually abused children in criminal court cases Eberhard Mann MD psychiatry journal 5163 Most experts in the field of sexual abuse agree that many families can be reunited if a comprehensive treatment program is available. Guidelines for the psychiatric evaluation of sexually abusive families are offered. The evaluation process is lengthy as it does not merely consist of seeing individual family members. The entire family should be assessed together.
1981 Assessment of credibility of sexually abused children in criminal court cases Eberhard Mann MD psychiatry journal 10308 Most experts in the field of sexual abuse agree that many families can be reunited if a comprehensive treatment program is available. Guidelines for the psychiatric evaluation of sexually abusive families are offered. The evaluation process is lengthy as it does not merely consist of seeing individual family members. The entire family should be assessed together.
1981 Assessment of credibility of sexually abused children in criminal court cases Eberhard Mann MD psychiatry tape 10261 Most experts in the field of sexual abuse agree that many families can be reunited if a comprehensive treatment program is available. Guidelines for the psychiatric evaluation of sexually abusive families are offered. The evaluation process is lengthy as it does not merely consist of seeing individual family members. The entire family should be assessed together.